People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Vienna subway map.
The midst of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was aimed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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