The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The midst of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved in support of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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