The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Netz Wien.
The Middle of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads was then often solved and only private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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