People transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Linien.
The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was targeted at a city of three or four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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