People transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have an exact date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to U2 Stationen.
The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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