Vienna Underground – A Short History

People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to U-Bahn.

The center of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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