Vienna Underground – A Short History

The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn.

The midst of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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