The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have an exact date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Bohrkopf.
The midst of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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